Diagnostic value of endoscopic ultrasound elastography for benign and malignant digestive system tumors

Benign & malignant digestive system tumors

  • Hongna Lv Binzhou People’s Hospital
  • Guangchao Zhu
  • Long’an Zhou
Keywords: Benign and malignant, Digestive system tumors, Endoscopic ultrasound real-time elastography, Strain ratio

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the effect of endoscopic ultrasound real-time tissue elastography in differential diagnosis of benign and malignant digestive system tumors.

Methods: Forty-two patients with solid tumors of digestive system who were admitted to our hospital between October 2017 and October 2018 were selected. All patients were diagnosed by endoscopic ultrasound real-time tissue elastography. Elastography score was used. The strain ratios (SR) of the lesion and the surrounding control tissues were measured and compared.

Results: Lesions with elastography score no more than two points were evaluated as benign, while lesions with elastography score no less than three points were evaluated as malignant. The difference of the elastography score between the benign lesion group and malignant lesion group was statistically significant (P<0.05). The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of endoscopic ultrasound elastography in the diagnosis of malignant tumors of digestive system were 91.4%, 88.9% and 87.5%, respectively. The SR of the benign lesions ranged from 0.01 to 7.34, with a median SR of 7.33; the SR of the malignant lesions ranged from 1.01 to 47.66, with a median SR of 20.07. The SR of the benign lesions was significantly lower than that of the malignant lesions (P<0.05).

Conclusion: Elastography of benign and malignant tissues of digestive tract tumors has different image characteristics. Endoscopic ultrasound real-time tissue elastography is effective in differential diagnosis of digestive tract tumors as it can effectively determine whether a tumor is benign or malignant and improve diagnostic accuracy.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.35.5.1075

How to cite this:
Lv H, Zhu G, Zhou L. Diagnostic value of endoscopic ultrasound elastography for benign and malignant digestive system tumors. Pak J Med Sci. 2019;35(5):1461-1465. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.35.5.1075

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Published
2019-08-22
Section
Original Articles