Frequency of urinary tract infection and antibiotic sensitivity of uropathogens in patients with diabetes

Frequency of urinary tract infection and antibiotic sensitivity

  • Kaleem Ullah Zubair
  • Abdul Haleem Shah
  • Asher Fawwad Professor of Biochemistry
  • Rubina Sabir
  • Anum Butt
Keywords: Antibiotics sensitivity, Diabetes Mellitus, Frequency of UTIs, Uropathogens

Abstract

Objective: To determine the frequency of urinary tract infections and antibiotic sensitivity among patients with diabetes.

Methods: This observational study was carried out in Microbiology Department of Baqai Institute of Diabetology and Endocrinology (BIDE), Baqai Medical University from April 2015 to June 2016. All patients with diabetes having symptoms of UTI attending out patients department of BIDE were analyzed. All samples received in the laboratory were processed according to Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) guidelines. Antimicrobial susceptibility pattern was determined by disc diffusion method.

Results: A total number of 199 urine specimens, frequency of UTI were 24 (12.06%) in male and 175 (87.94%) in female. UTIs were highly found in (age group 51-60) 70 (35.18%). Escherichia coli was the most frequent pathogen (71%), followed by Klebsiellapneumoniae (7.48%), Proteus mirabilis (1.87%), Staphylococcus aureus (9.35%), Candida (5.61%) and Candidaalbicans were (2.80%). Majority of gram negative uropathogens were shown high sensitivity towards Imipenem and Piperacillin / Tazobactam followed by Nitrofurantion, Ceftriaxone, Levofloxacin, Ofloxacine, Ciprofloxacin, Norfloxacin, Cefixime, Nalidixic acid and Cephradine. Gram positive was most sensitive to Nitrofurantionand Vancomycin followed by Piperacillin / Tazobactam, Imipenem, Cephradine, Ceftriaxone, Norfloxacin and Cefixime.

Conclusion: We observed the higher frequency of UTIs in female as compared to male participants due to poor hygiene. E.coli was the most frequent pathogen responsible for UTI in patients with diabetes, followed by Staphylococcus aureus.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.35.6.115

How to cite this:
Zubair KU, Shah AH, Fawwad A, Sabir R, Butt A. Frequency of urinary tract infection and antibiotic sensitivity of uropathogens in patients with diabetes . Pak J Med Sci. 2019;35(6):1664-1668. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.35.6.115

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Published
2019-10-09
Section
Original Articles