Stunting and associated factors in children of less than five years: A hospital-based study

Stunting in children under five years of age

  • Sehrish Fatima Department of community Medicine, Akhtar Saeed Medical college, lahore.
  • Iram Manzoor
  • Aneeqa Mumtaz Joya Department of community Medicine, Akhtar Saeed Medical college, lahore.
  • Shehzeen Arif Department of community Medicine, Akhtar Saeed Medical college, lahore.
  • Sadia Qayyum Department of community Medicine, Akhtar Saeed Medical college, lahore.
Keywords: Stunting, Vaccination status, Risk factors

Abstract

Objectives: To estimate frequency of stunting and associated factors in children aged less than five years in a tertiary care hospital of Lahore.

Methods: An Analytical cross-sectional study was conducted in Pediatrics Outpatient Department at Akhtar Saeed Trust Teaching Hospital, Lahore from December 2017 to July 2018. Two hundred children of ages under five years coming to outdoor for treatment of minor ailments were included after informed consent from their parents. Non-probability, convenient sampling technique was used to collect sample. Data collected and analyzed on SPSS version 19. To find out association of stunting with multiple qualitative variables, chi-square test was applied and p-value was fixed at ≤ 0.05 to be significant.

Results: Out of 200 children screened in OPD, 42 (21.0%) were found to be stunted. The total percentage of stunting in male children was 28 (66.6%) and in female children were 14 (33.3%). Stunting was significantly associate with male gender (p=0.047), joint family system (p=0.049), low literacy level in mothers (p=0.031), unvaccinated status (p=0.003) and history of bottle feeding (p=0.037).

Conclusion: The frequency of stunting in children less than five years of age is 42 (21.0%). The significant risk factors associated with stunting were found as male gender (p= 0.047), joint family system (p=0.049), low maternal education (p=0.031), unvaccinated status (p=0.03).

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.3.1370

How to cite this:
Fatima S, Manzoor I, Joya AM, Arif S, Qayyum S. Stunting and associated factors in children of less than five years: A hospital-based study. Pak J Med Sci. 2020;36(3):581-585. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.3.1370

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Published
2020-03-05
How to Cite
Fatima, S., Manzoor, I., Joya, A., Arif, S., & Qayyum, S. (2020). Stunting and associated factors in children of less than five years: A hospital-based study. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 36(3). https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.3.1370
Section
Short Communication