A hemispheric comparison of cognitive dysfunction and sleep quality impairment in Middle Cerebral Artery infarction

Middle Cerebral Artery infarction

  • Danyal Wahid COMSATS University Islamabad
  • Hifza Rabbani COMSATS University Islamabad
  • Ayesha Inam COMSATS University Islamabad
  • Zuba'a Akhtar COMSATS University Islamabad https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0246-7160
Keywords: Cognitive dysfunction, Infarction, Middle cerebral artery, Sleep quality impairment

Abstract

Objectives: To investigate the severity of cognitive dysfunction and sleep quality impairment in patients with middle cerebral artery (MCA) strokes across the left and right hemisphere. Moreover, it also study gender differences with respect to MCA strokes.

Methods: The study was conducted from February 2019 - May 2019 at COMSATS University, Islamabad. A total sample size of N=55 middle cerebral artery ischemic infarct patients was selected with N=29 left middle cerebral artery ischemic infarct patients and N=26 right middle cerebral artery ischemic infarct patients. The sample was assessed on The Neurocognitive Assessment Battery for stroke patients (N-CABS) & The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index-Urdu (PSQI-U).

Results: The mean age of the sample was 50.96 years. There was a significant difference among scores of cognitive dysfunction between Left MCA (M=47.28, SD=12.87) and Right MCA stroke patients (M=29.7, S=21.41), t (53) =-6.80, p<0.001. Similarly, there was significant difference among scores of sleep disturbance between Left MCA (M=6.90, SD=2.93) and Right MCA (M=10.35, SD=3.97), t (53) =-3.68, p<0.001. Gender comparisons reveal that there is no significant difference between males and females for both, cognitive dysfunction and sleep quality impairment.

Conclusions: Cognitive dysfunction and sleep quality impairment due to MCA strokes is significant between left and right hemispheres respectively, regardless of gender, assessed with N-CABS and PSQI-U. Further studies are required to analyse other demographic correlates related to MCA strokes.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.3.1385

How to cite this:
Wahid D, Rabbani H, Inam A, Akhtar Z. A hemispheric comparison of cognitive dysfunction and sleep quality impairment in Middle Cerebral Artery infarction. Pak J Med Sci. 2020;36(3):511-515. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.3.1385

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Author Biographies

Danyal Wahid, COMSATS University Islamabad

Student,

Department of Humanities,

COMSATS University Islamabad,

Islamabad Campus

Hifza Rabbani, COMSATS University Islamabad

Student,

Department of Humanities,

COMSATS University Islamabad,

Islamabad Campus

Zuba'a Akhtar, COMSATS University Islamabad

Researcher

Department of Humanities

COMSATS University Islamabad 

Islamabad Campus

Published
2020-03-04
Section
Original Articles