Comparison of azithromycin and erythromycin in the treatment of mycoplasma pneumonia in children

Treatment of mycoplasma pneumonia in children

  • Rui Han Binzhou People’s Hospital
  • Qianqian Yu
  • Guohui Zhang
  • Baoqiang Li
  • Shuzhen Han
  • Guiying Li
Keywords: Azithromycin, Erythromycin, Children, Clinical efficacy, Mycoplasma pneumonia


Objective: To study and compare the clinical effects of azithromycin and erythromycin on children with mycoplasma pneumonia.

Methods: Total 132 children with mycoplasma pneumonia who were admitted to our hospital between November 2017 and September 2018 were selected as the research subjects. All the children were divided into an observation group and a control group according to random number table, 66 each. The observation group was treated with azithromycin, while the control group was treated with erythromycin. The therapeutic effect, incidence of adverse reactions and disappearance time of clinical symptoms were compared between the two groups.

Results: The total efficacy of the observation group was 98.04%, and that of the control group was 74.51%; there was a significant difference (X2=7.184, P=0.007). The incidence of adverse reactions in the observation group was 15.69%, significantly lower than that in the control group (41.18%) (X2=6.376, P=0.002). The disappearance of fever, cough, rale and X ray shadow of the observation group was significantly earlier than that of the control group, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05).

Conclusion: Compared with erythromycin, azithromycin is more effective in the treatment of mycoplasma pneumonia in children. Azithromycin can further shorten the improvement time of clinical symptoms and signs and has few adverse reactions and high safety. It is worth clinical application.


How to cite this:
Han R, Yu Q, Zhang G, Li B, Han S, Li G. Comparison of azithromycin and erythromycin in the treatment of mycoplasma pneumonia in children. Pak J Med Sci. 2020;36(2):156-159. doi:

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