Effects of rehabilitation training of core muscle stability on stroke patients with hemiplegia

Rehabilitation training of stroke patients

  • Xiaofeng Chen Shenzhen Baoxing Hospital
  • Zhuohui Gan The First Military Honor Rehabilitation Hospital of Guangdong
  • Wuchao Tian Shenzhen Baoxing Hospital
  • Yongkai Lv Shenzhen Baoxing Hospital
Keywords: Ambulation ability, Abdominal muscle thickness, Balance function, Core muscle stability, Rehabilitation training, Stroke

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the effects of rehabilitation training of core muscle stability on stroke patients with hemiplegia.

Methods: A total of 180 stroke patients who were hospitalized from December 2017 to December 2018 were enrolled. They were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group (n=90) that both received conventional hemiplegia rehabilitation therapy. On this basis, the observation group was subjected to training for core muscle stability, five times a week for a total of eight weeks. The balance functions before and after training were assessed using the Berg Balance Scale (BBS). The functions of hemiplegic lower limbs were evaluated by Brunnstrom staging and the Fugl-Meyer motor assessment (FMA) scale. The walking speed was estimated using the 10 m walking test. Musculoskeletal ultrasonography was performed to measure the thicknesses of three abdominal muscles of the paralytic side, i.e. transverse abdominis, internal oblique and external oblique muscles.

Results: After treatment, the BBS scores of the two groups were significantly higher than those before treatment, with significant differences (P<0.05). The BBS score of the observation group was significantly higher than that of the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, the Brunnstrom stage and FMA scale score, and standing and stepping scores were significantly higher than those before treatment (P<0.05). The Brunnstrom stage, FMA scale score, stepping score and walking speed of the observation group significantly exceeded those of the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, the thicknesses all increased compared with those before treatment, but the thicknesses of internal oblique and external oblique muscles were not significantly different (P>0.05). The thickness of transverse abdominis muscle of the observation group significantly surpassed that before treatment (P<0.05), whereas the thicknesses of the control group were similar (P>0.05). The thickness of transverse abdominis muscle of the observation group was significantly higher than that of the control group (P<0.05).

Conclusion: Rehabilitation training of core muscle stability can effectively improve the balance function and walking speed of stroke patients, probably by increasing the thickness of transverse abdominis muscle.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.3.1466

How to cite this:
Chen X, Gan Z, Tian W, Lv Y. Effects of rehabilitation training of core muscle stability on stroke patients with hemiplegia. Pak J Med Sci. 2020;36(3):461-466. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.3.1466

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Published
2020-03-04
Section
Original Articles