Comparative study on the curative effect of laparoscopic nephron sparing surgery and renal functions under selective segmental renal artery clamping and main renal artery clamping

Study on Laparoscopic Nephron Sparing Surgery and Renal Functions

  • Yuan-hua Liu
  • Hai-tao Dai
  • Chang-mao Liu
  • Zhong-yu Wang
  • Jiang Zheng Jingzhou First People's Hospital
Keywords: SSRAC, MRAC, LNSS, T1 localized renal tumor, Warm ischemia, Renal function

Abstract

Objective: To discuss the clinical effect and safety evaluation of laparoscopic nephron sparing surgery (LNSS) under selective segmental renal artery clamping (SSRAC) and main renal artery clamping (MRAC).

Methods: Eighty-four patients with T1 localized renal tumors who were admitted and treated from October 2017 to October 2018 were retrospectively analyzed, and they were classified into the S group (42 patients) and M group (42 patients). The patients in the S group received LNSS under SSRAC, while the patients in the M group received LNSS under MRAC. The duration of the operation, amount of intraoperative blood loss, intraoperative warm ischemia time, duration of postoperative hospital stay and positive rate of incisal edge; the serum creatinine and blood urea nitrogen values before and after the operation; and the occurrence rates of intraoperative and postoperative complications were compared.

Results: All operations were completed smoothly. No patients had a positive incisal edge, and no patients were converted to MRAC during the operation. The duration of the operation and the amount of intraoperative blood loss increased in the S group compared with the M group. The differences were statistically significant (P <0.05). The differences in the intraoperative warm ischemia time, postoperative drainage and duration of postoperative hospital stay in both groups had no statistical significance (P >0.05). The differences in serum creatinine (SCr) and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) in both groups before the operation had no statistical significance (P >0.05). The SCr and BUN levels significantly increased 1 d and 1 m after the operation. The SCr and BUN levels 1 d and 1 m after the operation were significantly lower in the S group than in the M group, and the differences were statistically significant (P <0.05). The differences in the occurrence rates of intraoperative and postoperative complications in both groups had no statistical significance (P >0.05).

Conclusion: SSRAC is a new renal artery clamping technology, and its curative effect on LNSS patients is significant. In addition, SSRAC has high safety and little influence on renal functions.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.2.1505

How to cite this:
Liu YH, Dai HT, Liu CM, Wang ZY, Zheng J. Comparative study on the curative effect of laparoscopic nephron sparing surgery and renal functions under selective segmental renal artery clamping and main renal artery clamping. Pak J Med Sci. 2020;36(2):121-125. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.2.1505

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Published
2019-12-14
How to Cite
Liu, Y.- hua, Dai, H.- tao, Liu, C.- mao, Wang, Z.- yu, & Zheng, J. (2019). Comparative study on the curative effect of laparoscopic nephron sparing surgery and renal functions under selective segmental renal artery clamping and main renal artery clamping. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 36(2). https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.2.1505
Section
Original Articles