Oxidant-Antioxidant balance in patients with coronary slow flow
Oxidant-antioxidant balance in SCF
Objective: Recent studies have focused on the probable role of oxidative stress in cardiovascular diseases. We aimed to assess the oxidant/antioxidant biomarkers in coronary slow flow (CSF).
Methods: The study included 51 subjects with CSF and age and sex matched 32 controls. Detailed anamnesis of the patients in the study was taken and routine physical examinations were performed. Routine biochemical blood tests were analyzed. Total oxidative status (TOS), oxidative stress index (OSI) and lipid hydroxyperoxide (LOOH) levels as oxidant biomarkers; paraoxonase (PON1), ceruloplasmin (CP), free sulphydryl (SH) groups, and total antioxidant capacity (TAS) levels as antioxidant biomarkers were studied.
Results: Baseline demographic characteristics of the study population did not differ significantly between groups. TOS, OSI and LOOH concentrations were higher in study group than in control group. However, there was no significant difference detected in levels of TAS, PON1, SH and CP. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that TOS, hsCRP and smoking were indepedent risk factors of CSF.
Conclusions: Although there was not any significant difference in antioxidant biomarkers (TAS, PON1, SH and CP) in CSF patients, we detected increased TOS, OSI and LOOH levels which have oxidant properties. These data supported the possible involvement of oxidative stress in pathogenesis of CSF as previous studies reported.
How to cite this:
Baysal SS, Koc S. Oxidant-Antioxidant balance in patients with coronary slow flow. Pak J Med Sci. 2019;35(3):786-792. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.35.3.162
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