Evaluation of clinical efficacy of Chemotherapy for Rhabdomyosarcoma in children

  • Zhaohui Ning
  • Xiping Liu
  • Guang Qin
  • Lei Wei
  • Xia Li
  • Jingjing Shen Taian City Central Hospital
Keywords: Children, Rhabdomyosarcoma, Clinical features, Chemotherapy, Recurrence, Efficacy

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the clinical characteristics and treatment methods of rhabdomyosarcoma in children and the efficacy of the methods.

Methods: The clinical data of 30 children with rhabdomyosarcoma who were admitted to our hospital from August 2013 to August 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. The clinical characteristics were summarized, and the curative effect and prognosis were evaluated.

Results: Among all the children (N=30), there were 20 males and 10 females, with a median age of 3.5 years. As to the primary site, there were 13 cases of head and neck, 11 cases of trunk, three cases of urogenital system and three cases of limbs. There were 25 cases of embryonic type, 4 cases of alveolar type and one case of polymorphic type. As regards clinical stage, there were one case of stage I, 9 cases of stage II, 13 cases of stage III and 7 cases of stage IV. There were one case of low risk, 19 cases of medium risk and 10 cases of high risk. Eight cases received surgery alone, 22 cases received combined treatment of surgery and chemotherapy (the chemotherapeutics followed three schemes, low-risk group (VAC+VA), moderate risk group (VAC) and high risk group (alternating use of VDC and IE). Among all the cases (N=30), there were 14 cases of complete remission (CR), five cases of partial remission (PR), four cases of stable disease (SD), and 7 cases of progressive disease (PD). The CR rate was (N=14, 46.7%). The three-year overall survival (OS) rate was (N=19, 63.3%). The clinical efficacy and prognosis of children receiving surgery and chemotherapy were better than those of children receiving surgery alone, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05).

Conclusion: Rhabdomyosarcoma in children frequently happens in the head, neck and trunk. Embryonic type is the main pathological type of rhabdomyosarcoma. Comprehensive and standardized treatment based on surgery and chemotherapy is an important way to improve the curative effect in the treatment of rhabdomyosarcoma in children.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.5.1829

How to cite this:
Ning Z, Liu X, Qin G, Wei L, Li X, Shen J. Evaluation of clinical efficacy of Chemotherapy for Rhabdomyosarcoma in children. Pak J Med Sci. 2020;36(5):1069-1074. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.5.1829

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Published
2020-06-27
How to Cite
Ning, Z., Liu, X., Qin, G., Wei, L., Li, X., & Shen, J. (2020). Evaluation of clinical efficacy of Chemotherapy for Rhabdomyosarcoma in children. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 36(5). https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.5.1829

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