Enteric Fever Complicated by Intestinal Perforation in Children: A Persistent Health Problem Requiring Surgical Management
Objective: To evaluate clinical presentation and surgical outcome in children with enteric perforation.
Methods: A descriptive retrospective study was conducted in Department of Paediatric Surgery at National Institute of Child Health, Karachi from August 2016 and September 2019, in children 12 years of age and under with diagnosis of enteric perforation. Data about age, gender, duration of illness, hemodynamic status and baseline investigation on admission was reviewed. Details about patients operated early and those who required prolong resuscitation and were operated after 24 hours of admission, need for tube laparostomy, operative findings, type of surgical procedure performed and post-operative outcome were reviewed. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 22.
Results: Ninety-seven patients, 60(61.85%) males and 37(38.14%) females were managed during the study period with age ranged from 3-12 years (mean 7.82, ± 2.94 years).and duration of symptoms ranged from 7-30 days (mean 15.56, ± 9.39days). High grade fever and abdominal pain were seen in all patients (100%). Pneumoperitoneum was noted in 71(73.19%) cases on X-ray abdomen. Fifty-one (52.57%) children were anemic and required blood transfusion before surgery. Seventy-one (73.19) patients were optimized and operated within 24 hours while 28(28.86%) cases required more resuscitation so tube laparostomy was done initially and operated after 24 hours. Seventy nine (81.44%) cases had single perforation, 14(14.43%) cases had multiple and four had sealed perforation. Primary repair of perforation was done in 37(38.14%) cases, while ileostomy in 65(76.01%) cases. Postoperatively wound infection was seen in 71(73.19%) cases, intra-abdominal collections in 31(31.95%) and burst abdomen in nine (9.27%) cases. Overall mortality was 12.37%. Till date in 47 patients (72.30%) reversal of stoma has been done.
Conclusions: Enteric perforation in children presents usually with hemodynamic instability and sepsis due to prolong period of illness. Therefore, regardless of surgical procedure performed it is associated with high morbidity and mortality.
How to cite this:
Azhar M, Zamir N, Shaikh M, Inayat ullah4. Enteric Fever Complicated by Intestinal Perforation in Children: A Persistent Health Problem Requiring Surgical Management. Pak J Med Sci. 2020;36(5):890-893. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.5.2270
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