Impact of Gastric Sleeve Surgery on Plasma Retinol Binding Protein 4 and Adipsin Levels in Healthy Male Population

  • Suad Alshubrami
  • Khalid Al-Regaiey
  • Assim Al-Fadda
  • Muhammad Iqbal Researcher
Keywords: Sleeve gastrectomy, Glycaemic indicators, RBP4, Adipsin


Objectives: Bariatric surgery provides most substantial and sustainable weight loss measures in individuals with obesity. Caloric restriction is not only intervention, changes in hormonal secretions are also leading contributory mechanisms to reduce body weight and improve the glycaemic control. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of gastric sleeve surgery on plasma retinol binding protein 4 (RBP4) and adipsin levels among Saudi male obese population.

Methods: This prospective study was conducted in the Departments of Physiology and Surgery, College of Medicine, King Saud University. Thirty-three obese (BMI>38.3) male patients age ranged from 25 to 50 years were recruited. RBP4 and adipsin levels were analyzed before and 6-12 months after gastric sleeve surgery by ELISA along with plasma glucose, insulin, HOMA-IR and lipid profile.

Results: Circulating RBP4 levels were not significantly changed by bariatric surgery (4382.85±40.35 ng before, and 4393.28±33.13 ng after surgery, p=0.842), neither did adipsin (2949.68±46.86 pg before, and 2917.90±41.90 pg after surgery, p=0.535). Segregation of study participants into two age groups, 25-35 and 35-50 years of age, revealed that before surgery older age group (35-50) had higher RBP4 levels compared to younger group (25-35) (p=0.016). However, after surgery RBP4 levels were decreased in older group but not to a significant level (p=0.174). In younger age group after surgery, there was a near significant increase in RBP4 levels (p=0.052). There were no significant changes in RBP4 levels in both age groups after surgery (p=0.461). For adipsin, there were no significant differences before and after surgery in both age groups. Insulin, BMI and HOMA-IR index were decreased after surgery, however there was no correlation with RBP4 and adipsin levels.

Conclusions: The present study findings do not suggest a role for RBP4 and adipsin in the improvement of insulin sensitivity in Saudi male obese population after gastric sleeve surgery. However, a decrease in RBP4 levels in older individuals after surgery needs further investigations to understand its effect on weight and glycemic control.


How to cite this:
Alshubrami S, Al-Regaiey K, Alfadda AA, Iqbal M. Impact of Gastric Sleeve Surgery on Plasma Retinol Binding Protein 4 and Adipsin Levels in Healthy Male Population. Pak J Med Sci. 2020;36(7):1495-1499. doi:

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

How to Cite
Alshubrami, S., Al-Regaiey, K., Al-Fadda, A., & Iqbal, M. (2020). Impact of Gastric Sleeve Surgery on Plasma Retinol Binding Protein 4 and Adipsin Levels in Healthy Male Population. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 36(7).
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