Association of Serum Omentin-1, Chemerin, and Leptin with Acute Myocardial Infarction and its Risk Factors

Association of adipokines with AMI risk factors

  • Mukhtiar Baig
  • Kamal Waheeb Alghalayini King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  • Zohair Jamil Gazzaz King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  • Hazem Atta King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
Keywords: Chemerin, Omentin, Leptin, HbA1c, Myocardial infarction

Abstract

Objective: To determine the association of serum omentin-1, chemerin, and leptin with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and its risk factors among individuals admitted with AMI to the coronary care unit (CCU).

Methods: The current case-control study was conducted at the CCU of King Abdulaziz University Hospital (KAUH), Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), in 2016-2018. A total of 122 AMI patients admitted to CCU, and 52 BMI and age-matched healthy subjects, between 30 and 65 years of age, were included.

Results: Chemerin and omentin-1 are independent predictors of the incidence of MI. Furthermore, serum omentin-1 was significantly lowered while chemerin and hsCRP levels were found to be significantly raised among the individuals with AMI compared to the healthy subjects, and no notable change was found in the serum leptin level. Serum omentin-1, chemerin, and leptin were significantly correlated with weight, BMI, waist circumference in patients, and control subjects. Binary logistic regression analysis displayed that the occurrence of MI is positively correlated with fasting plasma glucose (FPG), TC, TG, LDL-C, hsCRP, and chemerin and in a negative manner with HDL-C, and omentin. The chemerin and omentin-1 were also linked with the MI in multiple logistic regression analysis.

Conclusions: The present results indicated that the serum omentin levels were significantly lowered while chemerin and hsCRP levels were found to be markedly raised among patients. No change was found in serum leptin levels. Serum chemerin and omentin-1 levels were independently associated with the MI. It appears that these parameters may be used to assess the risk spectrum of CAD.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.6.2372

How to cite this:
Baig M, Alghalayini KW, Gazzaz ZJ, Atta H. Association of Serum Omentin-1, Chemerin, and Leptin with Acute Myocardial Infarction and its Risk Factors. Pak J Med Sci. 2020;36(6):---------. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.6.2372

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Author Biographies

Kamal Waheeb Alghalayini, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Department of Medicine, Cardiology Section,

Zohair Jamil Gazzaz, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Rabigh,

Hazem Atta, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Rabigh, 

Published
2020-07-23
How to Cite
Baig, M., Alghalayini, K., Gazzaz, Z., & Atta, H. (2020). Association of Serum Omentin-1, Chemerin, and Leptin with Acute Myocardial Infarction and its Risk Factors. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 36(6). https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.6.2372