Correlation of Paraoxonase-1 with glycated hemoglobin and lipid profile among Sudanese diabetic patients

Hemoglobin and lipid profile among Sudanese diabetics

  • Ahmed M Ahmed Taibah University - College of applied medical sciences - department of clinical laboratory sciences
Keywords: Paraoxonase-1, PON1, T1DM and T2DM


Objective: To examine concentration of Paraoxonase 1 enzymes across both Sudanese patients suffering from Type-I and Type-II diabetes.

Methods: This was a cross-sectional study done in Khartoum/Sudan during the period from June 24th 2018 to August 23, 2018. One hundred seven diabetic patients (40 T1DM and 67 T2DM) compared with 45 healthy people from both genders. Biochemical parameters include PON1, FBG, HbA1C, and lipids were done and compared between study groups.

Results: PON1 was reduced in patients than controls (P < 0.01), in addition PON1 was lower in T1DM than T2DM (P < 0.01), moreover, FBG, HbA1c and lipids was higher in diabetes than controls (P < 0.05). PON1 inversely correlated with LDL and apo B in T1DM (P < 0.01) and T2DM (P < 0.05), in addition PON1 correlated with HDL and apo A1 in T1DM (P < 0.01), inversely correlated with LDL in T2DM (P < 0.05) and with apo A1 in T2DM (P < 0.01). Moreover, PON1 inversely correlated with diabetes duration in T1DM (P < 0.01) and T2DM (P < 0.05).

Conclusion: Sudanese T1DM and T2DM have a lower PON1 concentration than healthy subjects, T1DM have lower level of PON1 than T2DM. PON1 was inversely correlated with bad lipids and duration of diabetes, but it has positive correlation with good lipids.


How to cite this:
Ahmed AM. Correlation of Paraoxonase-1 with glycated hemoglobin and lipid profile among Sudanese diabetic patients. Pak J Med Sci. 2019;35(4):1050-1054. doi:

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