Diabetes mellitus and urinary tract infection: Causative uropathogens, their antibiotic susceptibility pattern and the effects of glycemic status

  • Shahzad Ahmad Department of Medicine & Allied, Northwest General Hospital & Research Centre, Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
  • Arshad Hussain Department of Medicine & Allied, Northwest General Hospital & Research Centre, Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
  • Mohammad Sajjad Ali Khan Department of Medicine & Allied, Northwest General Hospital & Research Centre, Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
  • Najmush Shakireen Department of Medicine & Allied, Northwest General Hospital & Research Centre, Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
  • iftikhar Ali University of Swabi https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0809-7586
Keywords: Urinary tract infections, Diabetes mellitus, Antibiotics sensitivity, glycemic control

Abstract

Objective: To determine causative uropathogens and their antibiotic susceptibility pattern among Type-2 diabetics (T2D) with good and suboptimal glycemic control.

Methods: A hospital based cross-sectional study was carried out in Peshawar from April–October, 2019. Four hundred consecutive T2D patients with symptomatic UTI or showing numerous pus cells on routine urinary examination attending outpatient clinic were included. As per the guidelines of the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI), the urine samples collected were checked for identification of uropathogen by culture. Disc diffusion method was used to determined antimicrobial susceptibility.

Results: Of the total (n=400) T2D patients, 205 (51.25%) showed microbial growth. Mean age of patients with UTI was 63.26 ±12.30 years. About two-third (63.9%) of the patients were females. Mean HbA1c was 8.80±2.20%. The frequency of patients with UTI was noticeably greater in the suboptimal glycemic control group 178(86.3%) compared to good control glycemic patients 27(13.7%). Significant mean difference in glycemic levels were observed (HbA1c = 5.86±0.48 and HbA1c = 9.25±2.02, respectively, P < 0.001). E. coli was the predominant pathogen isolated 120(71%), followed by Klebsiella pneumonia Spp (K. pn) 35(17.1%), Pseudomonas auregonosa (P. aeruginosa) 14(6.83%), Enterococcus 12 (5.85%) and Candida Spp were 2(0.98%). Both gram positive and negative-bacteria were highly susceptible to imipenem, meropenem, fosfomycin and nitrofurantoin.

Conclusion: The frequency of UTI in diabetics was higher in female in comparison to male, and was significantly greater in the suboptimal glycemic control group. E. coli was the most typical isolate followed by K. pn. Imipenem, meropenem, fosfomycin and nitrofurantoin had high susceptibility profile against the isolated pathogens.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.7.2881

How to cite this:
Ahmad S, Hussain A, Khan MSA, Shakireen N, Ali I. Diabetes mellitus and urinary tract infection: Causative uropathogens, their antibiotic susceptibility pattern and the effects of glycemic status. Pak J Med Sci. 2020;36(7):1550-1557. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.7.2881

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Published
2020-10-17
How to Cite
Ahmad, S., Hussain, A., Khan, M., Shakireen, N., & Ali, iftikhar. (2020). Diabetes mellitus and urinary tract infection: Causative uropathogens, their antibiotic susceptibility pattern and the effects of glycemic status. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 36(7). https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.7.2881
Section
Original Articles