The Comparison of ankle-brachial index (ABI) measured by an automated oscillometric apparatus with that by standard hand-held doppler in patients with Type-2 diabetes

Comparison of an automated oscillometric ABI and standard hand-held doppler ABI

  • Shair Zaman Khan
  • Muhammad Saiful Haque
  • Awn Bin Zafar Baqai Institute of Diabetology and Endocrinology
  • Nazish Waris
  • Zahid Miyan
  • Muhammad Saiful Haque
  • Asher Fawwad
Keywords: Ankle-brachial index, Type-2 diabetes, Peripheral arterial disease

Abstract

Objective: To compare the difference between an automated oscillometric ABI measurement as compared to standard hand-held doppler ABI in patients with Type-2 diabetes.

Methods: This prospective study was conducted at foot clinic of Baqai Institute of Diabetology and Endocrinology (BIDE), Baqai Medical University (BMU), a tertiary care unit, Karachi-Pakistan. The duration of study was February 2018 to March 2018. Patients with Type-2 diabetes attending the outpatient department (OPD) of foot clinic, irrespective of their symptoms were included. Baseline demographic, anthropometric measurements and biochemical parameters were recorded. The ABI was calculated with both devices by an automated oscillometric machine and standard hand-held doppler with the same investigator.

Results: Total of 93 patients with Type-2 diabetes, 18 (19.4%) females and 75(80.6%) males were recruited. Mean age was 54.67±9.59 years and mean systolic/diastolic blood pressure was 131.38±20.2/ 80.36±10.23mmHg. Most of the patients had poor glycemic control at presentation with a mean HbA1c of 9.56±2.44%. Mean standard handheld doppler ABI and automated oscillometric ABI was 1.28±1.08 and 1.07±0.23 for right foot (mean difference = 0.21; P= 0.075), and 1.14±0.45 and 1.1±0.25 for left foot (mean difference =0.04; P=0.434), respectively. Similarly, sensitivity and specificity between two modalities was observed 60% and 93.90% for right foot, meanwhile, 60% and 97.40% for left foot, respectively.

Conclusion: An automated oscillometric method is comparable with standard handheld-doppler method. It is cost effective, convenient and less time consuming, can be widely used to measure ABI without special training.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.35.4.30

How to cite this:
Khan SZ, Awn-Bin-Zafar, Waris N, Miyan Z, Ulhaque MS, Fawwad A. Comparison of ankle-brachial index (ABI) measured by an automated oscillometric apparatus with that by standard hand-held doppler in patients with Type-2 diabetes. Pak J Med Sci. 2019;35(5):1167-1172. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.35.4.30

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Published
2019-07-10
Section
Original Articles