Neoadjuvant chemotherapy in combination with surgery in the treatment of local advanced breast cancer
Treatment of local advanced breast cancer
Objective: To investigate the effect of neoadjuvant chemotherapy combined with surgery on locally advanced breast cancer and its prognosis.
Methods: One hundred and fifty-four patients with locally advanced breast cancer who were admitted to our hospital from February 2014 to April 2015 were selected as the study subjects. They were divided into an observation group and a control group according to the principle of random equalization, 77 each group. The observation group was treated with TAC scheme, neoadjuvant chemotherapy combined with modified radical resection, and continuously treated with the same scheme after operation until the end of the course of treatment. The control group was treated with modified radical resection and TAC scheme. The clinical efficacy of the two groups was observed, and the perioperative indications, prognosis and occurrence of adverse reactions were compared between the two groups.
Results: The total effective rate of the observation group was 76.62%, significantly higher than that of the control group (55.84%, P<0.05). The observation group had shorter operation time and hospitalization time and less bleeding amount compared to the control group (P<0.05). The metastasis rate and recurrence rate of the observation group were significantly lower than those of the control group (P<0.05); there was a significant difference between the two groups (P<0.05). The one-year and three-year survival rates of the observation group were significantly higher than those of the control group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of adverse reactions between the two groups after operation (P>0.05).
Conclusion: Preoperative neoadjuvant chemotherapy in combination with TAC scheme can reduce the difficulty of operation, improve the curative effect of patients, significantly improve the prognosis of patients and prolong the survival time, which is worth clinical application.
How to cite this:
Zhao H, Zhang J, Lu Y, Jin J. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy in combination with surgery in the treatment of local advanced breast cancer. Pak J Med Sci. 2019;35(5):1402-1407. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.35.5.310
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