What should be the protein target for adjustable Human Milk fortification in premature infants?

Human Milk fortification in premature infants

  • Bayram Ali Dorum Uludag University
  • Hilal Ozkan Uludağ University, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology
  • Salih Cagri Cakir Uludağ University, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology
  • Nilgun Koksal Uludağ University, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology
  • Gizem Ezgi Sen Uludağ University, Department of Pediatrics
Keywords: Adjustable fortification, Human milk fortification, Newborn, Preterm.

Abstract

Objective: To assess the short- and long-term effects of the adjustable fortification (ADJ) regimen on growth parameters in premature infants and to evaluate the amount of protein supplements given to reach the targeted blood urea nitrogen (BUN) levels.

Methods: In this retrospective study, preterm babies who were born at ≤32 weeks gestational age and fed with human milk, were evaluated in two groups. Infants in Group-I were fed only standard fortification (STD). Infants in Group-II were fed the ADJ regimen. The study was conducted between 2011 and 2016.

Results: There were 123 infants in the STD group and 119 in the ADJ group. The mean gestational age of the patients in Group-I was 29.7±1.8 weeks, and mean birth weight was 1266.1±347.1 g. The mean gestational age of the patients in Group-II was 29.5±1.9 weeks, and the mean birth weight was 1217.5±345.5 g. The daily increase in weight and weekly increase in HC were significantly higher in the ADJ group infants. Weight and HC of infants in the ADJ group were significantly higher at 40 weeks. At one year corrected age, weight, length, and HC measurements of both groups were similar. In Group-II, 63% of patients required additional protein supplementation up to 1.6 g/day to achieve the target BUN levels.

Conclusion: A higher protein intake through the ADJ regimen improves the physical growth rate of premature infants in the NICU and after discharge. However, sometimes, the targeted growth and BUN values ​​cannot be achieved despite the administration of protein at the recommended increased doses. Increasing protein supplementation up to 1.6 g/day is safe, feasible, and beneficial for these infants.

How to cite this:
Dorum BA, Ozkan H, Cakir SC, Koksal N, Sen GE. What should be the protein target for adjustable Human Milk fortification in premature infants? Pak J Med Sci. 2019;35(1):277-281. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.35.1.337

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Published
2019-01-24
Section
Original Articles