Association of subjective memory complaints amid patients of Diabetes Mellitus Type II and Hypertension

  • Samira Faiz, Dr. Karachi Institute of Medical Sciences (KIMS), Malir Cantt, karachi
  • Farhan Muhammad Qureshi, Dr. Karachi Institute of Medical Sciences (KIMS), Malir Cantt, karachi
  • Amreen Wasif Hussain Global Health Directorate, Indus Health Network, Karachi
  • Seema Nigah-e- Mumtaz, Prof. Dr. Karachi Institute of Medical Sciences (KIMS), Malir Cantt, karachi
Keywords: Dementia, Diabetes, Hypertension, Subjective memory complaints

Abstract

Background and Objective: Subjective memory complaints (SMCs) are suggested to predict dementia at a very early stage. However, association of SMCs with known risk factors of dementia namely diabetes mellitus Type-2 diabetes and hypertension (HTN) remain unexplored which is the main aim of this study. The objective of the study was to investigate the association of SMC with diabetes mellitus type 2 (DM2) and hypertension (HTN).

Methods: The associations of diabetes and hypertension, with SMCs has been tested in 500 participants from a tertiary care hospital of Karachi during 2017. Diagnosed cases of diabetes and hypertension were included through convenient sampling. Healthy attendants of patients were interviewed for the reference group. SMCs were assessed through a 14-item SMC questionnaire.

Results: Sample included 114 patients with only diabetes and hypertension each, 103 with both diabetes and hypertension and 169 healthy participants. Compared to healthy adults, persons with diabetes and hypertension had higher SMCs (difference, 0.88, 95% CI: 0.22, 1.54) (difference, 1.06, 95% CI: 0.40, 1.71) respectively, in fully adjusted models.

Conclusions: Compared to healthy adults of working age-group, persons with diabetes and hypertension were more likely to have SMCs. Assessment and early detection of SMCs in persons with diabetes and hypertension might be informative to provide a window for effective interventions to maintain cognitive health.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.37.2.3426

How to cite this:
Faiz S, Qureshi FM, Hussain AW, Nigah-e-Mumtaz S. Association of subjective memory complaints amid patients of Diabetes Mellitus Type II and Hypertension. Pak J Med Sci. 2021;37(2):---------. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.37.2.3426

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Author Biographies

Samira Faiz, Dr., Karachi Institute of Medical Sciences (KIMS), Malir Cantt, karachi

Senior Lecturer

Department of Community Health Sciences

Karachi Institute of Medical Sciences (KIMS) 

National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) 

Farhan Muhammad Qureshi, Dr., Karachi Institute of Medical Sciences (KIMS), Malir Cantt, karachi

Assistant Professor

Department of Community Health Sciences

Karachi Institute of Medical Sciences (KIMS)

National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS)

 

Amreen Wasif Hussain, Global Health Directorate, Indus Health Network, Karachi

Program Assistant

Global Health Directorate

Indus Health Network, Karachi

Seema Nigah-e- Mumtaz, Prof. Dr., Karachi Institute of Medical Sciences (KIMS), Malir Cantt, karachi

Professor

Head of Department

Department of Community Health Sciences

Karachi Institute of Medical Sciences (KIMS)

Published
2021-01-04
How to Cite
Faiz, S., Qureshi, F., Hussain, A., & Mumtaz, S. (2021). Association of subjective memory complaints amid patients of Diabetes Mellitus Type II and Hypertension. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 37(2). https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.37.2.3426
Section
Original Articles