Hepatitis-C and it’s seroconversion in end stage kidney disease patients on maintenance hemodialysis and factors affecting it

Hepatitis-C in ESKD patients on maintenance hemodialysis

  • Yasir Hussain
  • Anjum Shahzad
  • Sidra Azam
  • Nazish Munawar
Keywords: Seroconversion, Hepatitis-C, Hemodialysis

Abstract

Objective: To determine frequency of hepatitis-C in dialysis patients at start of hemodialysis, seroconversion from HCV negative to HCV positive over study duration and factors affecting seroconversion.

Methods: This descriptive prospective observational study done in dialysis center of DHQ hospital Sheikhupura, Punjab, Pakistan. The study was conducted from October 2016 to October 2017. Data was collected on Performa and later followed prospectively in same cohort of patients. All the patients on maintenance hemodialysis for more than one month were included in the study. Patients with acute kidney disease and on dialysis less than one month were excluded. Patients were analyzed by dividing them in three groups, group-I patients who were HCV positive at start of dialysis, Group-II who were negative and seroconvert to HCV positive, Group-III who were negative and remained negative. All seronegative patients were followed at one, three, six and twelfth months on being hemodialysis for seroconversion.

Results: Out of 230 surveyed patients 52 were HCV positive at start of dialysis and 19 were loss of follow up. Out of remaining 159 HCV negative patients 95 became HCV positive, only 64 patients remained HCV negative by end of study.

Conclusion: Frequency of HCV seroconversion among chronic hemodialysis patient is found to be 53.37%. Arteriovenous access, number of dialysis, reuse of dialyzer and blood transfusions are important risk factors.

How to cite this:
Hussain Y, Shahzad A, Azam S, Munawar N. Hepatitis-C and it’s seroconversion in end stage kidney disease patients on maintenance hemodialysis and factors affecting it. Pak J Med Sci. 2019;35(1):66-70. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.35.1.366

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Published
2019-01-22
Section
Original Articles