Standing at the edge of mortality; Five-year audit of an emergency department of a tertiary care hospital in a low resource setup

Keywords: Emergency department, Pakistan, audit, mortality

Abstract

Background & Objective: Understanding the demographics of mortality and its burden in the emergency department of a tertiary care setup can lead to better planning and allocation of resources to streamline process flow. This can be achieved systematically through mortality audit that can identify the loopholes and areas of improvement. Our objective was to characterize the epidemiology of ED mortality in a tertiary care hospital of Karachi, Pakistan.

Methods: A five-year retrospective chart review of 322 adult mortalities presenting between January l, 2014 – December 31, 2018 was conducted in the emergency department (ED) of The Indus Hospital (TIH), Karachi. All expiries in ED were included while those brought dead and with do not resuscitate order (DNAR) were excluded.

Results: Mortality incidence of 0.076% (7.6/10,000 ED visits in five years) was reported. Amongst 507,759 adult ED visits, 322 mortalities were documented. Mean time lapse before presentation was 44±147 hours and mean length of stay before death was 3.4±2.8 hours. Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) was the predominant cause of death with 109 (33.8%) expiries. Significant association was reported between no history of prior care and high priority (P1) cases (p=0.013).

Conclusions: This study identified the contributing factors to adverse outcome such as delayed presentation with systemic gaps in management and unknown disposition. The need to improve these factors at local and national level can lead to improvement in Pakistani healthcare sector.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.37.3.3680

How to cite this:
Mukhtar S, Saleem SG, Ali S, Khatri SA, Yaffee AQ. Standing at the edge of mortality; Five-year audit of an emergency department of a tertiary care hospital in a low resource setup. Pak J Med Sci. 2021;37(3):633-638. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.37.3.3680

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Author Biographies

Syed Ghazanfar Saleem, The Indus Hospital

Syed Ghazanfar Saleem, FCPS.

Consultant Emergency Department, 

Saima Ali, The indus hospital

Saima Salman, FCPS.

Consultant Emergency Department,

Sarfraz Ahmed Khatri, The Indus Hospital

Sarfraz Ahmed Khatri, FCPS –II Trainee.

Resident Emergency Medicine,

Anna Q Yaffee, Grady Memorial Hospital, Emory University, Atlanta,

.Anna Q Yaffee, MD, MPH.

Consultant EM, Grady Memorial Hospital, Emory University, Atlanta, USA

 

Published
2021-03-25
How to Cite
Mukhtar, S., Saleem, S., Ali, S., Khatri, S., & Yaffee, A. (2021). Standing at the edge of mortality; Five-year audit of an emergency department of a tertiary care hospital in a low resource setup. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 37(3). https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.37.3.3680
Section
Original Articles