Oral versus Vaginal Micronized Progesterone for the treatment of threatened miscarriage

  • Rashida Parveen Department of Obs & Gyne, Nishtar Medical University Hospital, Multan
  • Mehnaz Khakwani Department of Obs & Gyne, Unit-II, Nishtar Medical University Hospital, Multan
  • Sobia Tabassum Department of Obs & Gyne, Civil Hospital, Bahawalpur.
  • Sajjad Masood Department of Obs & Gyne, Unit-II, Nishtar Medical University Hospital, Multan
Keywords: Gestational age, parity, progesterone, threatened miscarriage, , vaginal bleeding

Abstract

Objectives: This study was planned with an aim to find out the effectiveness of oral versus vaginal micronized progesterone for the treatment of threatened miscarriage.

Methods: This randomized controlled trial was conducted at The Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Nishtar Hospital Multan, from August 2019 to January 2020. A total of 136 pregnant women, aged 18 to 45 years having vaginal bleeding were included and divided into two groups (68 women in each group). Participants in the Group-A were given oral micronized progesterone as 200mg twice a day while Group-B participants were given vaginal progesterone suppository 400mg once a day. All women were followed up until 20th week of their pregnancy. Outcome was labeled as prevention of miscarriage if woman had no bleeding per vagina and pregnancy went beyond 20th weeks of gestation.

Results: In a total of 136 women enrolled, mean age was noted to be 30.85+3.34 years. Overall, mean gestational age was noted to be 9.3+2.7 weeks. A total of 98 women (49 in each group) completed the follow up and were included in the final analysis regarding outcome. Among Groups-A, 45 (91.8) had prevention of miscarriage while 4 (9.2%) had miscarriage in comparison to 36 (73.5%) in Group-B had prevention of miscarriage whereas 13 (26.5%) had miscarriage and this difference was statistically significant in between the both study groups as women in Group-A had significantly better outcome in terms of prevention of miscarriage. (P value = 0.0164).

Conclusion: The use of oral micronized progesterone was found to be significantly more effective than vaginal progesterone in women with threatened miscarriage.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.37.3.3700

How to cite this:
Parveen R, Khakwani M, Tabassum S, Masood S. Oral versus Vaginal Micronized Progesterone for the treatment of threatened miscarriage. Pak J Med Sci. 2021;37(3):---------. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.37.3.3700

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Author Biographies

Mehnaz Khakwani, Department of Obs & Gyne, Unit-II, Nishtar Medical University Hospital, Multan

MBBS, FCPS,

Professor, Department of Obs & Gyne, Unit-II, Nishtar Medical University Hospital, Multan

Sobia Tabassum, Department of Obs & Gyne, Civil Hospital, Bahawalpur.

MBBS, FCPS

Senior Registrar, Department of Obs & Gyne, Civil Hospital, Bahawalpur.

Sajjad Masood, Department of Obs & Gyne, Unit-II, Nishtar Medical University Hospital, Multan

MBBS, FCPS

APMO

Department of Obs & Gyne, Unit-II, Nishtar Medical University Hospital, Multan

 

Published
2021-02-20
How to Cite
Parveen, R., Khakwani, M., Tabassum, S., & Masood, S. (2021). Oral versus Vaginal Micronized Progesterone for the treatment of threatened miscarriage. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 37(3). https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.37.3.3700
Section
Original Articles