Effects of lipid based Multiple Micronutrients Supplement on the birth outcome of underweight pre-eclamptic women: A randomized clinical trial

  • Nabila Muhammad Sher Khyber Medical University
  • Rubina Nazli Khyber Medical University
  • Hafsa Zafar Khyber Medical University
  • Sadia Fatima Khyber Medical University
Keywords: Pre-eclampsia, Lipid based Nutritional supplements, Neonatal outcome, Khyber PakhtunKhwa province Pakistan

Abstract

Background and Objective: Maternal under nutrition and low birth weight babies are among the common tragedies of developing countries like Pakistan. Preeclampsia and its significant association with fetal growth restriction due to spiral arteries remodeling and trophoblastic invasion decreases nutritional supply to growing fetus added by maternal under nutrition. This study was designed to see the effects of lipid based nutritional supplements for pregnant and lactating women LNS-PLW on maternal and fetal outcome of pre-eclampsia.

Methods: Sixty underweight pre-eclamptic women were randomly assigned into two study Groups from April 2018 to December 2019 at the antenatal units of the tertiary Health care facilities of Lady Reading Hospital, Hayatabad Medical Complex Peshawar and Civil Hospital Matta Swat, KPK Pakistan in a randomized clinical trial. Participants were on routine drugs for pre-eclampsia and Iron and Folic Acid (60mg, 400 μg) daily, while participant of Group-2 (n=30) received one sachet of Lipid based nutritional supplement for pregnant and lactating women LNS-PLW in addition daily till delivery. The birth weight, gestational age, head-circumference, and birth length of babies were measured.

Results: The significant improvement found in the birth weight (p-value 0.003), gestational age (p-value 0.006), head circumference (P-value of 0.0006) and birth length (P-value of 0.0017) of babies of Group-2 women. We observed that addition of Lipid based nutritional supplement for pregnant and lactating women LNS-LPW improved the birth outcome in underweight women of pre-eclampsia.

Conclusion: The Prenatal supplementation of Lipid based nutritional supplement for pregnant and lactating women LNS-PLW can improve birth weight, gestational age, length and head circumference of babies of underweight preeclamptic women.

Trial Registration: ISRCTN15485068, April 2018:https://doi.org/10.1186/ISRCTN15485068.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.38.1.4396

How to cite this:
Mohammad NS, Nazli R, Zafar H, Fatima S. Effects of lipid based Multiple Micronutrients Supplement on the birth outcome of underweight pre-eclamptic women: A randomized clinical trial. Pak J Med Sci. 2022;38(1):219-226.  doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.38.1.4396

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Published
2021-11-22
How to Cite
Sher, N., Nazli, R., Zafar, H., & Fatima, S. (2021). Effects of lipid based Multiple Micronutrients Supplement on the birth outcome of underweight pre-eclamptic women: A randomized clinical trial. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 38(1). https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.38.1.4396
Section
Original Articles