Comparison of choroidal thickness in eyes of diabetic patients with eyes of healthy individuals using optical coherence tomography in a tertiary care hospital
Objectives: To compare the choroidal thickness in eyes of diabetic patients with eyes of age matched controls using optical coherence tomography in a tertiary care hospital.
Methods: This Cross sectional study was conducted at the Department of Ophthalmology, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre Karachi, for six months from13thJanuary 2020 to13thJuly 2020. The study group comprised of 44 patients with 88 eyes. Patients who fulfill the inclusion criteria that is age ranging from 35 to 80years, either gender, known case of diabetes mellitus and having any type of diabetic retinopathy (HbA1c >7), non-diabetic healthy individuals (HbA1c <7) and those giving informed consent were included in the study. However, patients having active ocular infections, history of myocardial infarction, stroke, uveitis, any ocular surgery, lasers, intravitreal injections, poor fundus view and not giving consent were excluded. A pre-designed proforma was filled. A baseline ocular examination was performed and choroidal thickness was assessed from retinal pigment epithelium to choroid sclera junction in diabetic and healthy participants of the study group using high resolution Swept source OCT (DRI-OCT-2 Triton; Topcon).
Results: The average age of the patients was 39.41±15.95 years. According to our study mean central subfoveal choroidal thickness in diabetic eyes was 268.5 ± 66.22 (95% CI 240 – 297) and in non-diabetic healthy participants it was 339.3 ± 71.49 (95% CI 308 – 369) with a p-value of 0.001. However, average choroidal thickness was 261.8 ± 61.93 (95% CI 235 – 288) and 336.0 ± 74.35 (95% CI 304 – 367) in diabetic and non-diabetic healthy population with a p-value of 0.001. Choroidal thickness comparison between gender in diabetic and non-diabetic population also showed similar trend.
Conclusion: In this study, mean central choroidal thickness as well as average choroidal thickness was significantly reduced in eyes having diabetic retinopathy as compared to participants with non-diabetic healthy eyes. These findings indicate that changes in choroid may be a probable route in the pathogenesis of diabetic retinopathy.
How to cite this:
Hassan H, Cheema A, Tahir MA, Nawaz HN. Comparison of choroidal thickness in eyes of diabetic patients with eyes of healthy individuals using optical coherence tomography in a tertiary care hospital. Pak J Med Sci. 2022;38(1):254-260. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.38.1.4443
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