Correlation between glycosylated hemoglobin level of patients with diabetes and cardiovascular disease

Hemoglobin level of patients with diabetes & cardiovascular disease

  • Fengyun Wei CPC Shandong Prov Comm
Keywords: Diabetes, HbA1c, Hypertension, Coronary heart disease

Abstract

Objective: To explore the clinical influence of the changes of glycosylated hemoglobin level of patients with diabetes on hypertension and coronary heart disease.

Methods: One hundred and ninety-six patients between February 2015 and December 2016 were divided into a control group (96 non-diabetic patients) and an observation group (100 patients with diabetes) with or without diabetes. The biochemical indexes of patients in the two groups were compared. Moreover patients in the observation groups were divided into subgroups according to the presence of hypertension and coronary heart disease, and the level of HbA1c was compared between different subgroups.

Results: The levels of total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) of patients in the two groups had no significant differences (P>0.05). However, the level of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) of patients in the observation group was significantly lower than that of the control group (P<0.05). The Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), fasting plasma glucose (FPG), fasting insulin (FINS) and levels of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and HbA1c of patients in the observation group were apparently higher than those of the control group (P<0.05). The level of HbA1c of patients with hypertension was significantly higher than that without hypertension (P<0.05). The level of HbA1c of patients with coronary heart disease was apparently higher than that without coronary heart disease (P<0.05). The Pearson correlation analysis results demonstrated that the level of HbA1c of patients in the diabetes group was in a positive correlation with SBP, DBP and level of hs-CRP (P<0.05).

Conclusion: The level of HbA1c of patients with diabetes was in a positive correlation with blood pressure and level of hs-CRP. The level of HbA1c can effectively predict the occurrence of hypertension and coronary heart disease. Detecting level of glycosylated hemoglobin is of important significance in screening patients with hypertension and coronary heart disease.

How to cite this:
Wei F. Correlation between glycosylated hemoglobin level of patients with diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Pak J Med Sci. 2019;35(2):454-458. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.35.2.589

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Published
2019-03-20
Section
Original Articles