Sociodemographic determinants associated with parental knowledge of screening services for thalassemia major in Lahore

Screening services for thalassemia major

  • Iram Manzoor
  • Rubeena Zakar
Keywords: Thalassemia major, Parental awareness, Premarital screening, Prenatal screening

Abstract

Objective: To assess the sociodemographic factors affecting parental knowledge regarding availability of screening services for thalassemia major.

Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted among biological parents of thalassemic children at three registered centers of blood transfusion in Lahore. A sample of 186 parents was selected through systematic random sampling. A pretested questionnaire was used to collect data. IRB clearance was obtained and informed consent was taken before data collection. Data was analyzed at SPSS version 23 and chi square test was applied and p value was fixed at ≤ 0.05 as significant.

Results: Parents of registered thalassemic children have adequate knowledge about Disease transmission and screening services. 91% of the participants knew that thalassemia major gets transmitted through parents. Cousin marriage was mentioned as a source of transmission by 77% of the participants. 91% of the parents knew about prenatal screening and 89% about premarital screening. Knowledge of parents was significantly associated with male gender, higher education and income.

Conclusion: Male gender, higher education and income are associated with better knowledge of parents.

How to cite this:
Manzoor I, Zakar R. Sociodemographic determinants associated with parental knowledge of screening services for thalassemia major in Lahore. Pak J Med Sci. 2019;35(2):483-488. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.35.2.613

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Published
2019-03-20
Section
Original Articles