The learning environment of four undergraduate health professional schools: Lessons learned

  • Farhana Irfan King Saud University, Chair of Medical Education Research and Development
  • Eiad Al Faris king saud university, Chair of Medical Education Research and Development
  • Nasr Al Maflehi king saud university
  • Syed Irfan Karim
  • Gominda Ponnamperuma
  • Hussain Saad king saud university
  • Abdullah MA Ahmed king saud university, Chair of Medical Education Research and Development
Keywords: Curriculum, DREEM, Health professional students, Learning environment, Student perceptions

Abstract

Background and Objectives: Learning is an interplay between cognition and environmental factors. Any learning environment, that fulfills the intrinsic and extrinsic needs of the students will probably lead to better and more promising learning outcomes. This study aimed to investigate the student perceptions of Learning Environment (LE) in four health schools of a large university and compare between schools, years of study, and gender.

Methods: Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure (DREEM) questionnaire and a socio-demographic questionnaire were completed by 1185 undergraduate students enrolled in the school of Medicine, Dentistry, Nursing and Applied Medical Sciences (AMS) of a large university during the academic year 2012-2013. Chi-square test was used to compare categorical variables. Independent student t-test or ANOVA (with Tukey post-hoc test) was used for continuous variables at a significance level of p ≤ 0.05.

Results: The mean total DREEM score was 89.23±33.3. The total DREEM mean scores for Dentistry (120.54±23.45) and Medicine (110.72±19.33) were higher compared with AMS (63.48±21.36) and Nursing (57.48±22.80) (p=0.000) (Post hoc Tukey p=0.000). First year students gave significantly higher positive perceptions ratings than the rest of the years (p=0.000). Total scores were significantly higher for male (92.78±33.86) than female students (84.70±32.25) p=0.000.

Conclusion: The LE significantly differed by year and gender. The students from non-integrated curricula (nursing and AMS) perceived the LE less positively than their integrated curriculum counterparts (medicine and dentistry). A qualitative study is needed to investigate the variation in the perception of LE among these groups.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.35.3.712

How to cite this:
Irfan F, Al-Faris E, Al-Maflehi N, Karim SI, Ponnamperuma G, Saad H, et al. The learning environment of four undergraduate health professional schools: Lessons learned. Pak J Med Sci. 2019;35(3):598-604. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.35.3.712

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Author Biographies

Farhana Irfan, King Saud University, Chair of Medical Education Research and Development

Farhana Irfan is an Assistant Professor, Chair of Medical Education Research and Development, Department of Family and Community Medicine, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Email: masoodfarhana1969@gmail.com, Phone number: +966114690328

Eiad Al Faris, king saud university, Chair of Medical Education Research and Development

Eiad AlFaris is Professor of Family Medicine and supervisor of King Saud University chair for Medical Education Research and Development, Department of Family and Community Medicine, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Email: efarisx2@gmail.com , Phone number: +966114671965, Fax number: +966114671967.

Nasr Al Maflehi, king saud university

Nasr Al Maflehi is a lecturer, Faculty PDS Department, Bio-statistical Consultant CDRC, College of Dentistry, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Email: nassr@ksu.edu.sa, Phone number: +9661146

Syed Irfan Karim

Syed Irfan Karim is an Assistant Professor, Department of Family and Community Medicine, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Email:irfankarim1969@gmail.com. Phone number: +966114679253

Gominda Ponnamperuma

Gominda Ponnamperuma is Assistant Director, Centre for Medical Education, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, Singapore. Email: gomindap@hotmail.com

Hussain Saad, king saud university

Hussain Saad is an Assistant Professor, Department of Family and Community Medicine, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh Saudi Arabia. Email: husseinamin52@yahoo.com  Phone number: +966114671534

Abdullah MA Ahmed, king saud university, Chair of Medical Education Research and Development

Abdullah MA Ahmed Chair of Medical Education Research and Development, Department of Family and Community Medicine, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Email: shabalah_am@hotmail.com

Published
2019-05-20
Section
Original Articles