The effect of short pregnancy interval on perinatal outcomes in Turkey: A retrospective study

Effect of short pregnancy interval

  • Nevşen SARAL Midwife
  • Seval CAMBAZ ULAŞ Assistant Prof.
Keywords: Low birth weight, Pregnancy interval, Preterm birth, Stillbirth

Abstract

Objective: The aim of the study was to determine the effect of short pregnancy interval on perinatal outcomes.

Methods: The research was a retrospective study. The material consisted of birth records of a state hospital for the last three years in Manisa in the western region of Turkey (2015-2017) (n:8961). The research population included women whose gestational interval was ≤two years and the gestational week was over 22 weeks (n:2089). Perinatal outcomes were assessed through preterm birth, stillbirth, and low birth weight.

Results: The mean age of women who are in the research group is 26.7 ± 5.32. According to the perinatal results of women with a pregnancy interval of two years and shorter; 8.2% of women had birth before 37 weeks and 0.3% resulted in stillbirth. It was determined that 4.8% of infants were born with low birth weight. There was no difference between the short pregnancy interval and stillbirth or preterm birth. However, a significant difference was found between the low birth weight and short pregnancy interval. (p>0.05).

Conclusions: Pregnancy interval does not affect preterm birth and stillbirth from perinatal outcomes, but has a significant effect on the birth weight of the newborn.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.35.5.837

How to cite this:
Saral N, Ulas SC. The effect of short pregnancy interval on perinatal outcomes in Turkey: A retrospective study. Pak J Med Sci. 2019;35(5):1243-1247. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.35.5.837

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Published
2019-08-21
Section
Original Articles