Risk factors for mortality among inpatients with smear positive pulmonary tuberculosis

Smear positive pulmonary tuberculosis

  • Sidra Hameed Ojha Institute of Chest Diseases, Dow University of Health Sciences, Ksrachi
  • Faisal Faiyaz Zuberi DUHS
  • Sagheer Hussain Ojha Institute of Chest Diseases, Dow University of Health Sciences, Ksrachi
  • Syed Khalid Ali Ojha Institute of Chest Diseases, Dow University of Health Sciences, Ksrachi
Keywords: Mortality, Smear positive, Pulmonary tuberculosis, Risk factors, Comorbidities

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate risk factors having significant effect on mortality of smear positive Pulmonary Tuberculosis (PTB) inpatients.

Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at Ojha Institute of Chest Diseases, Dow University Hospital Ojha Campus, Karachi. One hundred and seventy (170) inpatients of smear positive PTB confirmed by Acid Fast Bacilli (AFB) smear, aged between 13-80 years were enrolled by using consecutive sampling technique while patients with drug resistant Tuberculosis (TB) and extra pulmonary TB were excluded from the study. Selected patients were interviewed for collecting demographic data and risk factor data by using a standard questionnaire.

Results: Out of 170 PTB inpatients, mortality was observed in 23 (13.5%) patients among which male patients were 12 (52.2%), and female were 11 (47.8%). Mortality was significantly associated with increasing age (p=0.003), socioeconomic status (p=0.019), anemia (p=0.03), Chronic Liver Disease (CLD) (p=0.005), Diabetes Mellitus (DM) (p=0.001), Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) (p=0.007), Hypertension (HTN) (p=0.006), recurrent TB (p=0.001), and smoking (p=0.001).

Conclusion: Increasing age, poverty, smoking history, and presence of comorbidities like DM, CLD, HIV, hypertension, and anemia are associated with higher mortality in smear positive PTB cases.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.35.5.919

How to cite this:
Hameed S, Zuberi FF, Hussain S, Ali SK. Risk factors for mortality among inpatients with smear positive pulmonary tuberculosis. Pak J Med Sci. 2019;35(5):1361-1365. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.35.5.919

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Published
2019-08-21
Section
Original Articles