Continuous positive pressure ventilation combined with pulmonary surfactant in the treatment of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome

Treatment of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome

  • Jing Miao Binzhou People’s Hospital
  • Haitao Xie
  • Yanping Zhang
  • Xiaohui Guo
  • Min Cui
Keywords: Continuous positive airway pressure treatment, Neonatal respiratory distress syndrome, Pulmonary surfactant, Therapeutic effect

Abstract

Objective: To analyze the clinical effect of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) combined with pulmonary surfactant in the treatment of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (NRDS).

Methods: Eighty-two NRDS patients who received treatment from August 2017 to June 2019 in our hospital were selected and divided into a control group and an observation group using random number table, 41 in each group. The control group was treated with CPAP, and the observation group was treated with pulmonary surfactant injection besides CPAP. The therapeutic effect, blood gas index, mechanical ventilation parameters and occurrence of complications were compared between the two groups.

Results: The total response rate of the observation group was 90.24%, which was significantly higher than 70.73% of the control group, and the difference had statistical significance (P<0.05). After treatment, the improvement of blood gas indexes of the observation group was better than that of the control group. The hospitalization time and duration of oxygen treatment of the observation group were shorter than those of the control group, and the hospitalization cost was higher than the control group (P<0.05). The difference of incidence of complications between the two groups was statistically significant (P<0.05).

Conclusion: Endotracheal injection of pulmonary surfactant combined with CPAP in the treatment of NRDS can enhance the efficacy, promote the recovery of blood gas index, and reduce the parameters of mechanical ventilation and the incidence of complications, which is conducive to improving the respiratory function of the newborn. The therapy is worth application in the treatment of NRDS patients.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.4.1963

How to cite this:
Miao J, Xie H, Zhang Y, Guo X, Cui M. Continuous positive pressure ventilation combined with pulmonary surfactant in the treatment of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome. Pak J Med Sci. 2020;36(4):647-651.
doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.4.1963

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Published
2020-05-13
How to Cite
Miao, J., Xie, H., Zhang, Y., Guo, X., & Cui, M. (2020). Continuous positive pressure ventilation combined with pulmonary surfactant in the treatment of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 36(4). https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.4.1963
Section
Original Articles