Pre-operative predicting factor in visual outcome after macular hole surgery

  • Lubna Feroz
  • Syed Fawad Rizvi lrbt
  • Saliha Naz lrbt
  • Tanweer Hassan Khan lrbt
Keywords: Best corrected visual acuity, Macular hole, Macular hole index, Visual outcome


Objective: To determine the effectiveness of macular hole index (MHI) as a predicting factor of visual outcome after full thickness macular hole surgery.

Methods: This quasi-experimental study was conducted at LRBT Free Base Eye Hospital, Karachi from January 2018 to March 2019. Total 45 eyes of 45 patients with full thickness macular hole (FTMH) underwent preoperative Best Corrected Visual Acuity (BCVA) assessment with logMar chart and Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) scanning, with measurement of base diameter and macular hole height. Values were calculated for the macular hole index (MHI), which was taken as the predictive factor. All patients had undergone 25+G trans-conjunctival three ports pars plana vitrectomy, internal limiting membrane peeling, and endo-tamponade of C3F8 (14%). The final visual outcome of all the patients was noted.

Results: Forty-five patients were included for the study, out of which 10 (22.2%) were male and 35 (77.7%) were female. Age ranged from 45-70 years (mean age 57.20±6.47 years). The mean pre-operative visual acuity was 2.46±1.15 logMar and was 3.88±2.00 logMar, post-operatively. Moreover, 27(60.0%) out of 45 patients achieved BCVA (gain of 2 lines of the logMar chart). The average macular hole index was 1.55±0.50 and out of 45, 25 patients had MHI ≥0.5. It was found that patients with macular hole index ≥0.50 showed clinically significant improvement in BCVA in comparison to those who have macular hole index <0.50.

Conclusion: Macular hole index can be used to predict functional success in macular hole surgery.


How to cite this:
Feroz L, Rizvi SF, Naz S, Khan MTH. Pre-operative predicting factor in visual outcome after macular hole surgery. Pak J Med Sci. 2020;36(5):1053-1057. doi:

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

How to Cite
Feroz, L., Rizvi, S. F., Naz, S., & Khan, T. H. (2020). Pre-operative predicting factor in visual outcome after macular hole surgery. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 36(5).