Identification of risk factors of acute coronary syndrome in young patients between 18-40 years of age at a teaching hospital

  • Faryal Murtaza Cheema Amna Inayat Medical College
  • Hasan Mujtaba Cheema
  • Zubair Akram
Keywords: Acute coronary syndrome, young age, risk factors, electrocardiogram, cardiac enzymes

Abstract

Objectives: To identify the risk factors in acute coronary syndrome.

Methods: It was a case series study, conducted in coronary care unit of Jinnah Hospital, Lahore from January to December 2018. Convenient sampling was used for patients’ selection. The serum cardiac enzymes level was measured, and serial ECG was done at admission and repeated if required. Blood samples were collected after an overnight fast of 14 hours and tests were done for total cholesterol and HDL cholesterol.

Results: Out of 300 patients of acute coronary syndrome, 100 (33.33%) were female and 200 (66.67%) were males. Majority of patients 180 (60%) belonged to age group of 25-40 years. Out of 300 patients 94 (31.33%) had diabetes mellitus, while 139 (46.3%) were suffering from hypertension. Out of 290 patients 95 (32.7%) had family history of coronary artery disease. Out of 298 patients 125 (41.9%) were smokers.

Conclusion: Acute coronary syndrome in age group of 18-40 Years showed a male predominance with major modifiable risk factors; Hypertension followed by Diabetes mellitus, smoking and Dyslipidemia. Positive family history a non-modifiable risk factor in patients of ACS was also a common finding.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.4.2302

How to cite this:
Cheema FM, Cheema HM, Akram Z. Identification of risk factors of acute coronary syndrome in young patients between 18-40 years of age at a teaching hospital. Pak J Med Sci. 2020;36(4):821-824. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.4.2302

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Published
2020-05-15
How to Cite
Cheema, F., Cheema, H., & Akram, Z. (2020). Identification of risk factors of acute coronary syndrome in young patients between 18-40 years of age at a teaching hospital. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 36(4). https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.4.2302
Section
Original Articles