Evaluating the effect of Ramadan Fasting on patients with chronic diseases

  • Güzin Zeren Öztürk
  • Memet Taşkın Egici
  • Osman Sağsöz Gölyaka State Hospital
  • Mulazim Hussain Bukhari
Keywords: Fasting, Ramadan, Non-infectious Disease, Chronic Disease, Consultation


Objective: The study aimed to investigate the effect of Ramadan Fasting on Patients with Chronic Diseases and their experience during fasting.

Methods: This study was a descriptive research that used a researcher-designed questionnaire in face-to-face interviews with individuals who have at least one chronic disease and visit, for any reason, the Istanbul Sisli Etfal Training and Research Hospital polyclinics. We first asked each participant about fasting during Ramadan. If the participant was not fasting, we asked only the reason(s) and collected socio-demographic data. If a participant was fasting, we administered a researcher-designed questionnaire in face-to-face interviews. Our survey consisted of 19 questions that were designed to evaluate the fasting behaviors, current chronic disease and treatment status of individuals, encountered complications during fasting and their socio-demographic data.

Results: The study participants were 253 people (168 females [66.4%]; mean age: 58.06 ± 11,13) with non-infectious diseases. One hundred sixty (63.2%) participants were fasting during Ramadan and 33 of them (20.6%) had consulted a doctor before fasting, 62.5% (n = 100) said they never faced any symptoms during fasting. Most experienced symptom during fasting was fatigue (56.7%; n = 34). A significant relationship occurred between experiencing symptoms while fasting and gender (p = 0.023) and waking regularly for sahur (p = 0.029).

Conclusions: Many people with chronic diseases fast and experience symptoms while fasting. Being woman and not waking up for sahur was related with the symptoms during Ramadan fasting. Most participants with NIDs fasted during Ramadan without consulting their doctors.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.37.4.3199

How to cite this:
Ozturk GZ, Egici MT, Sagsoz O, Bukhari MH. Evaluating the effect of Ramadan Fasting on patients with chronic diseases. Pak J Med Sci. 2021;37(4):1042-1047. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.37.4.3199

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

How to Cite
Zeren Öztürk, G., Egici, M., Sağsöz, O., & Bukhari, M. (2021). Evaluating the effect of Ramadan Fasting on patients with chronic diseases. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 37(4). https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.37.4.3199
Original Articles