Role of Concomitant Internal Limiting Membrane (ILM) Peeling during Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment (RRD) Surgery in Preventing Postoperative Epiretinal Membrane (ERM) Formation
Objective: To investigate the role of concomitant Internal Limiting Membrane (ILM) peeling during surgery for macula off Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment (RRD) in preventing postoperative Epiretinal Membrane (ERM) formation; and its effect on the visual acuity.
Methods: This was a prospective, quasi-experimental study conducted from August 2018 to July 2019 at LRBT Tertiary Eye Care hospital, Karachi. Fifty-six patients with macula off RRD were divided into groups A (with ILM peeling) and B (without ILM peeling) via non-probability convenience sampling. All patients underwent standard 3 ports pars plana vitrectomy with silicon oil tamponade. In Group-A, ILM was stained using 0.5% ICG. Patients were evaluated clinically and by spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), pre- and post-operatively. Main outcomes recorded were best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and occurrence of ERM on SD-OCT.
Results: There were 26 patients in Group-A and 30 patients in Group-B. At six months’ follow-up, ERM had not developed in any case in Group-A compared to five patients (16.7%) in Group-B. There was no statistical difference in mean BCVA change from baseline.
Conclusion: ILM peeling during vitrectomy for RRD prevents the formation of macular ERM post-operatively. This may reduce the need of a second vitrectomy. However, visual outcomes were comparable to the non-ILM peeling vitrectomy.
How to cite this:
Mahmood SA, Rizvi SF, Khan BAM, Khan TH. Role of Concomitant Internal Limiting Membrane (ILM) Peeling During Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment (RRD) Surgery in Preventing Postoperative Epiretinal Membrane (ERM) Formation. Pak J Med Sci. 2021;37(3):651-656. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.37.3.3576
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