Scoping Review of frequently highlighted attributes of Medical Professionalism in an Undergraduate Medical Education Context

  • Kamran Sattar King Saud University
  • Muhamad Saiful Bahri Yusoff
  • Wan Nor Arifin
  • Mohd Azhar Mohd Yasin
  • Mohd Zarawi Mat Nor
Keywords: Medical professionalism, Medical students, Undergraduate, Medical education, Frequently highlighted, Professionalism attributes

Abstract

Background and Objectives: Medical Professionalism (MP) establishes the trust between society and doctors. We aimed at finding frequently highlighted qualities of MP in the literature.

Methods: We searched PubMed and Scopus for attributes of MP, using terms, “Professionalism,” “Medical Students,” and “Undergraduate Medical Education”. We included English language, original research articles with MP attributes from the perspective of undergraduate medical education, any nationality, race, gender, and age range, as the central topic of the article. Papers published from January 1st 1986 to 29th February 2020 were included.

Results: From 1349 identified articles, finally, 18 were included, authored in 10 countries, collectively contributing to answering the scoping review question. Two themes were identified: (1) Nurturing of MP, 11 (61.11%) out of 18 included articles, highlighted “respect” as the most dominant attribute as it appeared in 6 (54.55%) out of 11 reviews, “communication” 5 (45.45 %) studies and “honesty” and “integrity” 4 (36.36%). (2) Assessment of MP, 7 (38.89%) studies, and majority, 4 (57.14 %) assessed MP using American Board of Internal Medicine’s elements of MP, viz, “altruism, accountability, excellence, duty, honor and integrity, respect for others.”

Conclusions: Themes exemplified MP’s most discoursed issues. The attributes are frequently used worldwide. MP deliberates as a commitment toward the individual patient, society, and necessitates transforming from its present generic form to more explicit details.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.37.4.4004

How to cite this:
Sattar K, Yusoff MSB, Arifin WN, Yasin MAM, Nor MZM. Scoping Review of frequently highlighted attributes of Medical Professionalism in an Undergraduate Medical Education Context. Pak J Med Sci. 2021;37(4):1221-1229.
doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.37.4.4004

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Published
2021-05-05
How to Cite
Sattar, K., Yusoff, M., Arifin, W., Yasin, M. A., & Mat Nor, M. Z. (2021). Scoping Review of frequently highlighted attributes of Medical Professionalism in an Undergraduate Medical Education Context. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 37(4). https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.37.4.4004
Section
Review Article