Clinical value of SMI Combined with Low-Dose CT Scanning in differential diagnosis of Thyroid Lesions and Tumor Staging
Objectives: To investigate the clinical value of Superb Microvascular Imaging (SMI) combined with low dose CT scanning in differential diagnosis of thyroid lesions and tumor staging.
Methods: A total of 120 patients with thyroid nodules admitted to the Chinese PLA General Hospital from January 2017 to July 2020 were selected. Paired design was adopted in this study. SMI and SMI combined with low-dose CT scanning were respectively carried out to these patients. The results were judged by two senior imaging physicians and two senior sonographers respectively. And t-test, χ2 test, Pearson correlation coefficient check and other methods were adopted to comparatively analyze the above two methods and the pathological results after operation or puncture.
Results: Compared with pathologic findings, the coincidence rate of SMI was 40%, and the coincidence rate of SMI combined with low dose CT scanning was 84%. The difference was significant (p=0.00); among the 120 thyroid nodule patients, 50 were diagnosed as malignant by pathological diagnosis, and 70 as benign; 27 malignant cases and 93 benign cases were detected by SMI; 48 malignant cases and 72 benign cases were detected by SMI combined with low dose CT scanning. The sensitivity and accuracy of the latter were significantly higher than those of the former, and the difference was statistically significant (p=0.00); the enhancement, edge sharpness and homogeneity of SMI increased with the increase of tumor malignancy, showing positive correlation property.
Conclusion: SMI combined with low dose CT scanning has a higher diagnostic coincidence rate. Its sensitivity and accuracy are significantly superior. With the increase of tumor malignancy, the enhancement and unhomogeneity of SMI increase, and the edge is more blurred. That suggests: with the increase of tumor malignancy, neovascularization in the tumor is more obvious and more unevenly distributed; the increase of edge blur indicates more obvious tumor infiltration. The method has considerable clinical value for predicting the malignancy of tumors.
How to cite this:
Xue SW, Luo YK, Jiao ZY, Xu L. Clinical value of SMI Combined with Low-Dose CT Scanning in differential diagnosis of Thyroid Lesions and Tumor Staging. Pak J Med Sci. 2021;37(5):1347-1352. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.37.5.4144
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