The history of surgery and surgical training in the UK

  • Thomas Payne
  • Joseph D. Toms
  • Ahsan Zaidi
  • Sri G. Thrumurthy
Keywords: Surgery, Training, UK, History


Surgery has a rich history, and in order to understand the various training pathways for aspiring surgeons one must have an appreciation of the evolution of surgery. This manuscript aims to deliver a brief review of the history of surgery, and explore the historical moments that have shaped the training pathway of surgeons in the United Kingdom (UK), and in doing so disseminate the latest information about surgical training in the UK.


How to cite this:
Payne T, Toms JD, Zaidi A, Thrumurthy SG. The history of surgery and surgical training in the UK. Pak J Med Sci. 2021;37(5):1532-1535. doi:

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

How to Cite
Payne, T., Toms, J. D., Zaidi, A., & Thrumurthy, S. G. (2021). The history of surgery and surgical training in the UK. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 37(5).
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