Human Monkeypox: Fifty-Two Years based analysis and Updates

  • Sultan Ayoub Meo College of Medicine, King Saud University
  • Shaukat Ali Jawaid
Keywords: Human Monkeypox, Outbreak, Prevalence


The growing prevalence of human monkeypox infection has developed an alarming situation worldwide. Monkeypox virus was first time found in 1958 in monkeys and later spread to humans. The first case of human monkeypox was reported in September 1970 in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Human monkeypox was found outside Africa in the year 2003 in United States. More recently, from May 7 2022 to June 29, 2022, the monkeypox cases are swiftly spread worldwide, involving over 50 countries, and affecting 5115 people in Europe, the United Kingdom, North America, and South America, Asia, Australia, and the Middle East. The confirmed monkeypox cases in the United Kingdom from May 7, 2022 to June 29, 2022, are 1076 (21.03%); Germany 874 (17.08%); Spain 800 (15.64%); France 440 (8.60%); Portugal 391 (7.62%); United States 350 (6.84); Canada 276 (5.39%); Netherlands 257 (5.02%); Italy 159 (3.10); Belgium 117 (1.59%); Switzerland 81 (1.58%); Israel 33 (0.64%), Ireland, and 31 (0.64%). However, in about 35 countries, the cases are less than 20 in each country. The epidemiological trends of the human monkeypox infection are swiftly shifting from endemic regions to non-endemic countries. The global health authorities must take priority-based preventive measures to stop the outbreaks of monkeypox disease across the globe.


How to cite this:
Meo SA, Jawaid SA. Human Monkeypox: Fifty-Two Years based analysis and Updates. Pak J Med Sci. 2022;38(6):1416-1419.  doi:

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

How to Cite
Meo, S. A., & Ali Jawaid, S. (2022). Human Monkeypox: Fifty-Two Years based analysis and Updates. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 38(6).
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