Clinical efficacy of breathing training combined with core stability training in chronic nonspecific low back pain
Training in Chronic Nonspecific Low Back Pain
Objective: The study aimed to assess the clinical efficacy of breathing training combined with core stability training in chronic nonspecific low back pain (CNLBP).
Methods: This was a retrospective study. Of 60 included patients with CNLBP admitted by the Sichuan Province Orthopedic Hospital between December 2020 and February 2022. Random number table method was used to divide thirty patients to a control group, and the rest 30 to an observation group. The control group received core stability training, while the observation group underwent breathing training in addition to the exact treatment provided for the control group. To assess the utility of breathing and core stability training for CNLBP treatment, intergroup comparisons were made for clinical outcomes, the VAS, SF‐36, and SCODI scores before treatment and at three and seven weeks post‐treatment, and static and dynamic low‐back muscular endurance before and after treatment.
Results: The observation group had an overall response rate (ORR) of 96.67%, significantly higher than that (73.33%) of the control group (p< 0.05). Following the intervention, the VAS and SCODI scores declined in both groups; The SF‐36 score was elevated in both groups, and likewise. At the end of treatment, both groups exhibited improved static and dynamic muscular endurance of the low back, and the improvement was significantly more distinct in the observation group (p< 0.05).
Conclusion: Compared with core stability training as a sole treatment, breathing training combined with core stability training can yield better outcomes, ameliorate lumbar spine function, relieve pain and enhance low‐back muscular endurance in patients with CNLBP.
How to cite this: Yu D, Yu Y, Peng Q, Luo J, He X. Clinical efficacy of breathing training combined with core stability training in chronic nonspecific low back pain. Pak J Med Sci. 2023;39(4):1008-1012. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.39.4.6918
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