Clinical changes of serum melatonin and ICAM-1 levels in patients with basal ganglia hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage
Objective: To investigate the clinical changes of serum melatonin and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) levels in patients with basal ganglia hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage (HICH).
Methods: In this retrospective observational study, patients with HICH in Suzhou Hospital of Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine from January 2020 to January 2021 were included as the observation group (n=120), and 120 healthy volunteers who underwent physical examination were included as the control group. According to the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), the observation group was divided into four subgroups: normal group (n=27), mild group (n=51), moderate group (n=24), and severe group (n=18). Differences in serum melatonin and ICAM-1 were compared between the observation group and the control group, and between the subgroups. Logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors of poor prognosis, and the ROC curve was used to analyze the influence of melatonin and ICAM-1 levels on patient prognosis.
Results: Serum melatonin levels were lower in the observation group compared to the control group, while ICAM-1 levels were higher (P<0.05). With the aggravation of brain injury, serum melatonin decreased and ICAM increased (P<0.05). Decreased serum melatonin and increased ICAM-1 were independent risk factors for poor prognosis in patients with HICH. The combined AUC of serum melatonin and ICAM-1 for the detection of poor prognosis in patients with HICH was 0.860, which was higher than that of the two alone (P<0.05).
Conclusions: Low serum melatonin levels and high ICAM-1 levels are associated with poor prognosis in patients with HICH and can be used as predictors of patients’ prognosis.
How to cite this: Hou H, Li X. Clinical changes of serum melatonin and ICAM-1 levels in patients with basal ganglia hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage. Pak J Med Sci. 2023;39(4):1024-1028. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.39.4.7252
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