The proliferation and angiogenesis in hemangioma-derived endothelial cells is affected by STC2 medicated VEGFR2/Akt/eNOS pathway
Objective: Stanniocalcin-2 (STC2), a secreted glycoprotein that is involved in the regulation of angiogenesis, was proposed as one of the mechanisms of neovascularization in hemangioma (HA). We aimed to investigate the effect of STC2 on proliferation and angiogenesis in hemangioma-derived endothelial cells.
Methods: The hemangioma samples from HA patients with the median age of six months were surgically collected in the Affiliated Hospital of Weifang Medical University from October 2019 to June 2021, and divided into normal skin tissues (n=10), involuting-phase HAs (n=10) and proliferating-phase HAs (n=10) according to the Mulliken classification. The expression of STC2 was detected in involuting-phase HAs and proliferating-phase HAs. Hemangioma endothelial cells (HemEC) were transfected with small interfering RNA (siRNA) specific for STC2, and cell survival and tube formation were analyzed.
Results: STC2 expression in proliferating-phase HAs was markedly higher than in the normal skin tissues and involving-phase HAs. Similarly, STC2 expression was higher in HemEC compared to the control human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). Knockdown of STC2 slowed the proliferation of HemEC and decreased the expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) in HemEC. Moreover, knockdown of STC2 in HemEC inhibited vascular endothelial cell angiogenesis and regulated the expression and phosphorylation of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2). Mechanistically, STC2 knockdown attenuated the activation of Akt/eNOS signaling, which was abolished by insulin growth factor-1 (IGF-1), the activator of Akt signaling, accompanying by increased proliferation and tube formation of HemEC.
Conclusion: Inhibition of STC2 suppresses HemEC proliferation and angiogenesis by VEGFR2/Akt/eNOS pathway, which warrants further development of STC2-based strategies for HA treatment.
How to cite this: Ren S, Yang Y. The proliferation and angiogenesis in hemangioma-derived endothelial cells is affected by STC2 medicated VEGFR2/Akt/eNOS pathway. Pak J Med Sci. 2023;39(4):1119-1123. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.39.4.7384
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