Cholera outbreak in 2022 among children in Karachi: Study of cases attending to a Tertiary Care Hospital

  • Samina Junejo the indus hospital karachi
  • Saba Shahid
  • Nazia Khursheed
  • Sidra Maqsood
  • Fareeha Adnan
  • Fatimah Khalid
  • Qurat-ul-Ain Zahid
Keywords: Cholera, V. cholerae, Children, Diarrhea, O1 Ogawa, Inaba. Recent outbreak


Objective & Background: Repeated outbreaks of cholera have occurred in Karachi. Changing patterns in seasonality, serotypes and antibiotic resistance have been observed in these outbreaks. Recently, in the year 2022, a surge of cholera cases has been reported from Karachi during the months of April-June. This study aimed to identify clinical features, antibiotic susceptibility, complications, and response to treatment of V. cholerae infection among children attending Indus hospital, Karachi.

Methods: A retrospective chart review of pediatric patients was conducted for children aged 0-16 years. All children treated for culture-proven cholera infection at Indus Hospital from March to June 2022 were included. Details of clinical features, complications, antibiotic susceptibility, and response to treatment were retrieved from the health management information system (HMIS) of the hospital.

Results: Twenty children were included. The median age was 01 (0.50-3.75) years. There were 9 (45%) males and 11 (55%) females. All the culture isolates belonged to serogroup O1 Ogawa of the Vibrio cholerae. Vomiting and diarrhea were the most common symptoms. Dehydration, acute kidney injury, and shock were seen in 19 (95%), 6 (30%), and 2 (10%) children respectively. Eleven children were admitted with an average hospital stay of 5 (Median-IQR 3-6) days. The isolates were completely susceptible to tetracycline, ciprofloxacin, and azithromycin. Different antibiotics were given which included cefotaxime, ceftriaxone, doxycycline, and ciprofloxacin. All children responded completely to the antibiotics.

Conclusion: In present study all V. cholerae isolates belonged to the O1 Ogawa serotype that showed complete susceptibility to tetracycline, ciprofloxacin, and azithromycin. Dehydration, electrolyte imbalance, and renal impairment were the most common complications observed. Drinking unboiled water was identified as a potential source of cholera in most children. Therefore, advocacy of hygienic practices and disinfection of water supplies is recommended to prevent future cholera outbreaks


How to cite this: Junejo S, Shahid S, Khursheed N, Maqsood S, Adnan F, Khalid F, et al. Cholera outbreak in 2022 among children in Karachi: Study of cases attending to a Tertiary Care Hospital. Pak J Med Sci. 2023;39(5):1496-1501. doi:

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

How to Cite
Junejo, S., Shahid, S., Khursheed, N., Maqsood, S., Adnan, F., Khalid, F., & Zahid, Q.- ul-A. (2023). Cholera outbreak in 2022 among children in Karachi: Study of cases attending to a Tertiary Care Hospital. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 39(5).
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