Clinical features of thymoma with and without myasthenia gravis

Clinical Features of Thymoma

  • Yaxuan Wang
  • Guoyan Qi People’s Hospital of Shijiazhuang Affiliated to Hebei Medical University
  • Ying Yang
  • Hongxia Yang
Keywords: Myasthenia gravis, Thymoma, Clinical, Pathology


Objective: To explore the clinical features of thymoma with and without myasthenia gravis (MG).

Methods: This was a retrospective study. Two hundred and thirty-three patients with mediastinal masses who were initially diagnosed in People’s Hospital of Shijiazhuang, China, between January 2014 and June 2022 and had complete clinical data and underwent surgical treatment at People’s Hospital of Shijiazhuang were retrospectively analyzed.

Result: The age of patients with thymoma alone was significantly older than that of thymoma patients complicated with MG. The number of female patients was slightly more than males for both groups. Proportions of type A, AB, B1, B2, and B3 thymomas in Group-A were 0.77, 11.54, 11.51, 33.85, and 31.54%, respectively, and the proportions in Group-B were 9.68, 22.58, 12.90, 32.26, and 22.58%. The size of tumors in patients with thymoma alone was larger than that of patients with thymoma complicated with MG. The proportion of patients with tumor size of more than 10 cm in the thymoma alone group was significantly higher than that in the MG group. There were no relapses in patients with type A disease and relapses were noted in a few patients with type B1, B2 and B3 diseases. The same survival rates were reported for the two groups.

Conclusion: MG rarely occurs in type A and type C diseases. The prognosis of thymoma with MG is similar to that of thymoma alone. The main causes of death may be myasthenia crisis in thymoma patients with MG and advanced tumor stage in patients with thymoma alone.


How to cite this: Wang Y, Qi G, Yang Y, Yang H. Clinical features of thymoma with and without myasthenia gravis. Pak J Med Sci. 2024;40(7):1384-1390. doi:

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

How to Cite
Wang, Y., Qi, G., Yang, Y., & Yang, H. (2024). Clinical features of thymoma with and without myasthenia gravis: Clinical Features of Thymoma. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 40(7).
Original Articles